Technology and Policy: System Acquisition in a Complex Operational Environment

Main Article Content

Arthur Middlebrooks
Jackson Brownfield
Gabriel Lajeunesse
Ryan Leach
Christopher Sharfin


The United States’ (US) ability to maintain a technological edge in the current operational environment is challenged by the increased ability of near-peer nations to produce military technology. In response to this problem, the US Army Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC) seeks to model the three key elements of military system acquisition—context, product, and process—to develop a more comprehensive understanding regarding how and why nations acquire technical solutions. Through the application of the System Dynamics Modeling Process (SDMP), this research examines the interactions between the strategic context of Germany, the military products it acquires to address its operational needs, and the processes it employs to acquire military technology. The results of this research indicate that numerous dynamic variables of context impact the acquisitions process for Germany, particularly political support and subsequent monetary allocations to research and development.

Article Details

How to Cite
Middlebrooks, A., Brownfield, J., Lajeunesse, G., Leach, R., & Sharfin, C. (2022). Technology and Policy: System Acquisition in a Complex Operational Environment . Industrial and Systems Engineering Review, 9(2), 91-98.


Ackerman, R. (2015). Germany Shifts Procurement Tasks to Single Organization. Retrieved September 03, 2020, from
Allena-Ozolina, S., & Bazbauers, G. (2017). System Dynamics Model Of Research, Innovation and Education System For Efficient Use Of Bio-Resources. Retrieved June 02, 2020, from
Bartolomei, J., Hines, J. H., Diker, V. G., Langer, R. S., & Rowe, J. I. (2001). A System Dynamics Model of Government Engineering Support During the Development Phase of a Military Acquisition Program. In Proceedings of the 19th International Conference of the System Dynamics Society.
Carter, Leah. (2021). Germany reports record €53 billion in NATO Defense Spending: Dw: 07.02.2021. Retrieved April 2021, from
Department of the Army. (2019). ADP 3-0: Operations. Washington, DC.
Fox, R. J. (1974). Arming America; how the U.S. buys weapons (1st ed.). Harvard School of Business.
Gostomelsky, V. (2019). Securing the Railroads from Cyber Attacks. Mass Transit.
Keller, P. (2013). American Enterprise Institute. Retrieved October 29, 2020, from
Kleemann, Florian C., et al. (2020). Performance-Based Logistics In Germany: Case Studies From Defense Procurement.
Noredenman, M. (2017). Atlantic Council. Retrieved September 8, 2020, from
Pike, J. (2019). Military Germany, Retrieved from:
Sterman, J. D. (2000). Business Dynamics: Systems Thinking and Modeling for a Complex World (pp. 138-140). McGraw-Hill.
Suchman, M. C., & Eyre, D. P. (1992). Military Procurement as Rational Myth: Notes on the Social Construction of Weapons Proliferation. Sociological Forum, Mar., 1992, Vol 7.
Townsend, J. (2018). (Rep.). German Marshall Fund of the United States. Retrieved September 3, 2020, from