Main Article Content
In 2013, El Paso, TX, was selected for the third time in a row by the Congressional Quarterly Press as the number one safest city with a population over 500,000 people (Borunda, 2013). Just across its border though, sits Ciudad Juarez, considered one of the most dangerous cities in the world. There is a unique social ecosystem between the two cities, a product of many years of shared history and traditions. The El Paso-Juarez area also happens to be one of the most valuable plazas for the Mexican Drug Cartels. According to BBC Mundo, the Sinaloa Cartel has won the El Paso-Juarez territory over the Juarez Cartel and the Zetas (Najar, 2012). Consequently, now that the territory is dominated by one cartel, drug trafficking through the area will likely increase and smuggling through border crossing check points will continue to be more prevalent. The purpose of this research effort is to assist the Border Patrol in allocating its resources towards improved interdiction of illicit trafficking. Whether it is manpower, money, technology, or any other resource, the Border Patrol desires to efficiently allocate to maximize interdiction. This analysis is intended to suggest a tool that will assist in allocating resources and aid the extremely important effort to maintain El Paso, TX, as the safest city in the U.S. by keeping drugs away from the streets. This research presents a network flow model of the complex illicit trafficking network operating in the El Paso-Juarez area, and provides insight that will aid such agencies as the Border Patrol in allocating its resources.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
The copyediting stage is intended to improve the flow, clarity, grammar, wording, and formatting of the article. It represents the last chance for the author to make any substantial changes to the text because the next stage is restricted to typos and formatting corrections. The file to be copyedited is in Word or .rtf format and therefore can easily be edited as a word processing document. The set of instructions displayed here proposes two approaches to copyediting. One is based on Microsoft Word's Track Changes feature and requires that the copy editor, editor, and author have access to this program. A second system, which is software independent, has been borrowed, with permission, from the Harvard Educational Review. The journal editor is in a position to modify these instructions, so suggestions can be made to improve the process for this journal.
Borunda, D. (2013, Feb 6). El Paso ranked safest large city in U.S. for 3rd straight year. Retrieved from elpasotimes.com: http://www.elpasotimes.com/ci_22523903/el-paso-ranked-safest-large-city-u-s
CBP . (2013). About. Retrieved from U.S. Customs and Border Protection: http://www.cbp.gov/xp/cgov/about/
CBP. (2013). Overview. Retrieved from U.S. Customs and Boarder Protection: http://www.cbp.gov/xp/cgov/about/mission/
Chinneck, J. W. (2001). Chapter 10: Network Flow Programming.”. Retrieved from Carleton University Faculty: http://www.sce.carleton.ca/faculty/chinneck/po/Chapter10.pdf
Herrera-Flanigan, J., Gee, T., Twinchek, M., & O'Connor, R. (2008, January 3). Ensuring Homeland Security while Facilitating Legitimate Travel: The Challenge at America’s Ports of Entr. Retrieved from Committee on Homeland Security House of Representatives One Hundred Tenth Congress Second Sessio: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/
High Intensity Drug Trafficing Area Program. (2009, March). Drug Market Analysis 2009. Retrieved from West Texas High Intensity Drug Trafficing Area: http://www.justice.gov/archive/ndic//pubs32/32792/32792p.pdf
Hinojosa, A. (2010, June 26). Narco Tunnel Found in El Paso: Drug Route Runs 130 Feet under Rio Grande. El Paso Times.
IBM. (2013). CPLEX Optimizer. Retrieved from IBM: http://www-01.ibm.com/software/commerce/optimization/cplex-optimizer/
Lewis, T. (2009). Network Science: Theory and Practice. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Manning, P. (2013, February 7). El Paso: FBI stats Deem Border City Safest in the Country 3 years in a Row. Retrieved from Fox News Latino: http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/news/2013/02/07/el-paso-fbi-stats-deem-border-city-safest-in-country-3-years-in-row/
Marosi, R. (2011, May 19). Ultralight Aircraft Now Ferrying drugs across U.S.-Mexico border. Los Angeles Times.
Najar, A. (2012, October 10). El Nuevo Mapa del Narcotrafico en Mexico. Retrieved from BBC Mundo, Ciudad de Mexico: http://www.bbc.co.uk/mundo/noticias/2012/10/121010_mexico_mapa_guerra_narco_carteles_jp.shtml
National Center for Technology Innovation. (2013). Case Study. Retrieved from National Center for Technology Innovation: http://www.nationaltechcenter.org/index.php/products/at-research-matters/case-study/
Office of National Drug Control Policy. (2012). 2012 National Drug Control Strategy. Retrieved from The White House President Barrack Obama: http://www.whitehouse.gov/ondcp/2012-national-drug-control-strategy
Rice, A. (2011, July 28). Life on the Line. Retrieved from New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/31/magazine/life-on-the-line-between-el-paso-and-juarez.html/?pagewanted=all&_r=0
U.S. Customs Service and Border Protection. (2012, November). Northbound Border Crossings: From Juarez to El Paso Totals by Bridge by Month for 2011. Retrieved from El Paso Metropolitan Planning Organization: http://www.elpasompo.org/POE/BorderCrossing2011.pdf
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2011). World Drug Report 2011. New York.
Washington Office of Latin America. (2011, December 20). An Uneasy Coexistence: Security and Migration Along the El Paso-Ciudad Juarez Borde. Retrieved from WOLA: Officina de los Derechos Humanos, la Democracia y la Justicia Socia: http://www.wola.org/es/node/2894
Washington Office of Latin America. (2011, December 20). An Uneasy Coexistence: Security and Migration Along the El Paso-Ciudad Juarez Border. Retrieved from WOLA: Officina de los Derechos Humanos, la Democracia y la Justicia Social: http://www.wola.org/es/node/2894