Main Article Content
This study uses system dynamics simulation to explore structural and socio-psychological dynamics associated with the United States Army’s gender integration initiatives for its infantry branch. In 2015, the Army’s Training and Doctrine Analysis Center (TRAC) published the “Gender Integration Study” and the “Ranger Assessment Study,” providing findings that helped shape the Army’s gender integration initiatives across its combat arms branches. The focus of these and many other gender integration studies predominantly focus on whether gender differences, physiological and/or psychological, affect one’s ability to meet requisite performance standards in combat arms branches. As an essential complement to the existing and ongoing performance-focused research, system dynamics modeling will provide a basis to assess social barriers that exist with the Army and American culture, inhibiting broad acceptance of women in the infantry.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
The copyediting stage is intended to improve the flow, clarity, grammar, wording, and formatting of the article. It represents the last chance for the author to make any substantial changes to the text because the next stage is restricted to typos and formatting corrections. The file to be copyedited is in Word or .rtf format and therefore can easily be edited as a word processing document. The set of instructions displayed here proposes two approaches to copyediting. One is based on Microsoft Word's Track Changes feature and requires that the copy editor, editor, and author have access to this program. A second system, which is software independent, has been borrowed, with permission, from the Harvard Educational Review. The journal editor is in a position to modify these instructions, so suggestions can be made to improve the process for this journal.
Bacolod, M., & Chaudhary, L. (2016). Why Does G.I. Joe Serve Longer Than G.I. Jane? Race and Gender Gaps in the U.S. Military. Naval Postgraduate School, Graduate School of Business and Public Policy, Monterey.
Careers and Jobs. (n.d.). Retrieved April 1, 2017, from United States Army: http://www.goarmy.com/careers-and-jobs/browse-career-and-job-categories/combat/infantryman-11b.html
Department of Defense (2013). Fulfilling the Military Service Obligation (MSO).
Duggan, M., Greenwood, S., & Perrin, A. (2016). Social Media Update 2016. Pew Research Center. Retrieved from http://www.pewinternet.org/2016/11/11/social-media-update-2016/
Feeney, N. (2014, June 29). Pentagon: 7 in 10 Youths Would Fail to Qualify for Military Service. Time. Retrieved from http://time.com/2938158/youth-fail-to-qualify-military-service/
Fehr, E., & Fischbacher, U. (2004, April). Social Norms and Human Cooperation. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 8(4), 185-190.
Hajnal, L. Z., & Massey, S. D. (1995). The Changing Geographic Structure of Black-White Segregation in the United States. Social Science Quarterly, 76(3), 527-542.
Howden, L. M., & Meyer, J. A. (2011, May). Age and Sex Composition: 2010. United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved from United States Census Bureau: https://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-03.pdf
Infantry Basic Officer Leader Course. (n.d.). Retrieved April 1, 2017, from U.S. Army Maneuver Center of Excellence: http://www.benning.army.mil/infantry/199th/content/pdf/2-11%20IN%20Fatheads.pdf
Lurie, O., Moran, D., Tarrasch, R., & Yanovich, R. (2011, January). Psychological Aspects of the Integration of Women into Combat Roles. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(2), 305-309.
Molinaro, K. (2010, September 15). Infantry Leaders Sharpen Training Tactics to Meet Battlefield Demands. Retrieved from United States Army: https://www.army.mil/article/45200/infantry-leaders-sharpen-training-tactics-to-meet-battlefield-demands
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook: 2016-2017 Edition.
Rauhut, H., & Winter, F. (2010, November). A Sociological Perspective on Measuring Social Norms by Means of Strategy Method Experiments. Social Science Research, 39(6), 1181-1194. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0049089X10001250
Smith, S. (n.d.). Preparing for Army Ranger School. Retrieved April 1, 2017, from Military.com: http://www.military.com/military-fitness/army-special-operations/army-ranger-school-prep
Sterman, J. D. (2000). Business Dynamics: Systems Thinking and Modeling for a Complex World (Indian ed.). New Delhi, Delhi, India: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Sunstein, C. R. (1996, May). Social Norms and Social Roles. Columbia Law Review, 96(4), 903-968. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/1123430
Wood, Dakota L. (2016). 2016 Index of U.S. Military Strength: U.S. Army. The Heritage Foundation.