Effectiveness of the Engagement Skills Trainer 2000


  • Rachael Schloo
  • Vikram Mittal




EST2000, BRM, Marksmanship, Training


The purpose of this article and study is to analyze the effectiveness of the Engagement Skills Trainer 2000 (EST2000), which is the program of record for Army marksmanship training. The EST2000 has only been used for training with the actual marksmanship qualification being done on live ranges. However, the newest version of the rifle qualification course will include a component of shooting on the EST2000. Thus, this study is designed to evaluate the effectiveness of the EST2000 in capturing real-world performance. USMA cadets were recruited to complete the Basic Rifle Marksmanship (BRM) course on the EST2000, and these results were compared to the shooter’s performance on a live BRM course. A paired t-test was conducted to determine whether the EST2000 scores and the BRM scores were statistically different, and an R2 value was calculated to determine the relationship between the soldier’s performance on the EST2000 and real-world performance.


Ashley, R. (2014, April 29). 412th, 416th TECs kick-off inaugural combined Best Warrior competition. Retrieved from
Buncombe, A. (2011, January 10). US forced to import bullets from Israel as troops use 250,000 for every rebel killed.
Retrieved from https://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/world-news/us-forced-to-import-bullets-from-israel-as- troops-use-250000-for-every-rebel-killed-28580666.html
Byers, J., Leemans, R., McDermott, S., & Mittal, V. (July 2018). Quantifying the Effects of Weapon Weight on Lethality through Holistic Modeling.” Industrial and Systems Engineering Review. Vol 6, No 2. pp 75-81.
Debeltz, R. (2017). Engagement skills trainer: The commander's perspective. Defense Technical Information Center.
Department of the Army. (2003). Field manual (FM) 3-22.9: Rifle marksmanship M-16A1, M16A2/3, M16A4, and M4
carbine. Department of the Army.
Department of the Army. (2008). Field manual (FM) 3-22.9: Rifle marksmanship M-16/M-4 series weapons. Department of
the Army.
Garibay, E. (2014, January 28). EST 2000 replicates range for OCSJX-14 contracting specialists. Retrieved from
Hagman, J. D. (2009). Using the Engagement Skills Trainer to predict rifle marksmanship performance. Military
Psychology, 215-224.
Reynolds, G.M. & Shendruk, A. (2018, April 24). Demographics of the U.S. Military. Retrieved from
Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) Analysis Center. (1994). Engagement Skills Trainer (EST) Training
Effectiveness Analysis (TEA). Headquarters, Department of the Army.



How to Cite

Schloo, R., & Mittal, V. (2021). Effectiveness of the Engagement Skills Trainer 2000. Industrial and Systems Engineering Review, 8(1), 9-17. https://doi.org/10.37266/ISER.2020v8i1.pp9-17

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>